The Specialist

ANSWERS TO YOUR QUESTIONS

ANSWERS TO YOUR QUESTIONS IF THERE ARE NO SIGNIFICANT PATHOLOGICAL ELEMENTS OR MALADIES NECESSITATING SPECIFIC MEDICAL ADVICE AND INTERVENTION, THE MAIN MANAGEMENT ASPECT OF THE PHENOMENON OF 'MENSTRUATION' IS LARGELY PSYCHOLOGICAL IN ORIGIN.
Actual events confirm that, even in nations more advanced than our own (USA), one is generally likely to encounter strong resistance to confronting this type of debate in sociological research conducted in schools or academic institutes. As demonstrated by the work of researcher, Anne Burrows in her article in the 'Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology', it has been found that "embarrassment and shame still surround a physiological event that affects nearly half the world's population on a monthly basis, and this complicates the pursuance of research on the subject. For example, an attempt to distribute a questionnaire to schools about the timing of the menarche ñ which is the initial menstrual flow, met with refusal to respond on the part of both teachers and parents. While it is difficult to talk about these things, the schoolgirls organise their social lives and relationships around the calendar cycle, avoiding holidays, appointments, school exams or competitions during the 'risk' period. Memories of this time in a woman's life have a direct impact on the feelings she will later develop towards her body, sex or fertility. In one study, published in 1987 in the 'Journal of Adolescence', David Pillemer shows how, for most women, the menarche is predominantly associated with stressful memories. Several studies point, in fact, to a very different state of menstrual symptoms in women who are comfortable with bodies from those experienced by women who are less so. The survey conducted by Burrows in 2005 indicates the salient memory of adolescence in these women: The onset of menstruation is a time of crisis and the overriding thought, at that age, is to try not to appear as if one is 'menstruating', especially in the eyes of one's male peers. Tampons and pads are concealed in the most secret corners of bags and backpacks for fear that someone might notice them. The greatest fear, almost a nightmare, of every young woman is that a red stain might appear on her dress, and even if the condition is psychosomatic, neither her social circle nor her family will be left with any doubt about her sexual condition.

"It is not altogether true to say that social rejection of the female cycle is directly linked to a sexual taboo. Nowadays, the sexual taboo is much less intense, especially in Western society, but the non-acceptance of menstruation has got stronger. Paradoxically, for example, at a time when girls tend to look feminine at as early an age as possible, adopting the clothing, makeup and attitudes of adult women, menstruation continues to be perceived as an embarrassment".

in his research, Burrows states.